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Kirchengeschichte: Alte Kirche, Christliche Archäologie


Hagedorn, Ursula u. Dieter [Hrsg.]


Die älteren griechischen Katenen zum Buch Hiob. I: Einleitung, Prologe und Epiloge, Fragmente zu Hiob 1, 1-8, 22. XIV, 457 S. Geb. ¬ 128,00. ISBN 3-11-014483-2; II: Fragmente zu Hiob 9, 1-22, 30. VIII, 395 S. Geb. ¬ 118,00. ISBN 3-11-015762-4; III: Fragmente zu Hiob 23, 1-42, 17. X, 415 S. Geb. ¬ 128,00. ISBN 3-11-016843-X.


Berlin-New York: de Gruyter 1994/1997/2000. gr.8 = Patristische Texte und Studien, 40, 48, 53.


Henry Chadwick

Dieter and Ursula Hagedorn have spent many years in studies of formidable difficulty and high productivity, editing catenae with excerpts from ancient commentaries or homilies on the book of Job. Catenae have been shown to contain valuable historical evidence. In 1973 there appeared the commentary of a radical Arian, Julian, a disciple of Aetius and Eunomius of the period about 365. In catenae citations from the commentary are ascribed to Julian of Halicarnassus of the sixth century, well known for the unacceptability to the Monophysite Severus of Antioch of his doctrine that the body of the incarnate Lord, in the days of his flesh, was already possessed of the divine qualities granted after resurrection. The almost complete commentary by Julian transmitted by manuscripts at Paris and Berlin is respectful of Lucian of Antioch but contemptuous of homousios and homoiousios. The diction and prose style have exact parallels in the Apostolic Constitutions and Pseudo-Ignatius, so close as to show that we are dealing with a single author. Julian astonishingly copied the well known doxography transmitted under Plutarch's name and a tract denouncing astrology. He does not come over as an intellectual genius.

In 1984 came a new text, an exegesis of Job by a deacon of Alexandria, Olympiodoros, of the early sixth century. This was much exploited in catenae, probably compiled not long after the author's time. Then in 1990 came an edition of Chrysostom's incomplete commentary, transmitted by manuscripts at Florence and Moscow (the second being originally from Stavronikita on Mount Athos). This commentary has a well known citation in John of Damascus' defence of icons.

The three volumes here reviewed trace the texts and history of the oldest known catenae on the book of Job, based on a thorough study of numerous medieval manuscripts, and printing the texts of many excerpts from influential authors. Particularly welcome are pieces from the commentary by Polychronius bishop of Apamea and brother of Theodore of Mopsuestia (both brothers being entrusted with predominantly pagan towns). Polychronius' commentary was found highly congenial by the Pelagian, Julian of Aeclanum, and his borrowings from it often serve to correct ascriptions to Olympiodoros. Often there are references to a catena of the eleventh century bishop of Herakleia, Niketas, which was printed in 1637 from two Bodleian manuscripts by a learned English scholar Patrick Young, a man whose scholarly work was published under the name Junius and has attracted attention from German bibliographers such as J. Kemke in Dziatko's Sammlung bibliothekswissenschaftlicher Arbeiten 12 (1898).

Ursula and Dieter Hagedorn have told a complex story with exemplary clarity, and their unravelling would be envied by writers of detective stories.